|Duration||24/05/2017 to 26/05/2017|
|Organizer||SAARC Disaster Management Center (IU), Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India|
|Venue||Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management Campus, Behind PDPU, Village Raisan, Gandhinagar-382007, Gujarat, India|
|Language Of Event||English|
|Target Audience||Delegates from the SAARC Member States.|
South Asian region is highly prone to multiple disasters due to geo-climatic conditions. As per Center for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters (EM- DAT CRED), more than 1625 major disasters have occurred in SAARC region since 1990 causing life loss of more than 12 million, affecting 2.8 billion and causing damage more than 100 trillion US$.
Owing to its population density, hazard probability and existing vulnerabilities, South Asian region is one the most disaster-prone regions in the world. In last decade 2006 – 2016, the region has experienced more than 450 disaster events causing life loss of more than 56,000 affecting more than 570 million people. Interestingly, more than 60% of the losses were due to floods & cyclones.
Disasters are always associated with the breakdown of essential communication services. The failure of communication infrastructure (partial of complete) results in loss of life and property. This damage can be prevented to large extent if early warning and communication systems function efficiently during response. Inadequate of early warning system during December 2004, Indian Ocean Tsunami resulted into death of thousands of people. The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services is now mandated to issue regional tsunami bulletins.
There are advancements in cyclone early warning as well. The comparative study of impacts caused cyclone events in 1999 and 2013, clearly indicates the progress made in early warning systems. Similar progress has been made in many countries. For example, after the 1991 cyclone, the Government of Bangladesh launched a large community-based cyclone preparedness program. It led to a significant reduction in loss of lives from cyclones. It is now recognized as a global best practice. This makes it quite evident that technological advancement along with community based program largely helps in disaster risk reduction.
Advanced disaster management technology provides critical support system for disaster management authorities at times of crises. In preparedness phase, such a technology also provides important inputs for preparation of disaster management plan in modern times. With recent advancement in space technology like Geographical Information System (GIS), Global Positioning system (GPS), remote sensing, digital photogrammetry has wide applications in creating the in-depth understanding of the hazard and related assessments. These technologies are not only useful in damage assessment, relief and response management but also has wide application in prediction, tracking, warnings and uninterrupted communication.
In last decade, both developed as well developing countries have put concentrated efforts in utilizing and sharing space based technology like Earth Observation (EO) satellites, communication satellites, meteorological satellites and Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) for public safety, disaster risk reduction and disaster management.
Several efforts are being made to facilitate the access to space information (products and services) to support disaster management agencies in decision making. Space agencies and disaster management agencies all over the world are making significant efforts in this direction. These efforts have resulted into global and regional programs of International co-operation such as United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER), International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Group on Earth Observation (GEO) and Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), Sentinel Asia, Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), UNOSAT, The Asia Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) and many more.
Acknowledging the utility of space technology in disaster management, SAARC countries are engaged in development of applications based on space technology and explore its effectiveness for disaster risk reduction. It is useful for implementation of priorities for action laid down in Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) i.e. Understanding disaster risk and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response.
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) have acknowledged the need under priorities of action for national and local level to design various applications of Space technology with the aim to
It has also highlighted that to achieve this, there is required to promote and enhance, through international cooperation for,
This clearly stresses the need for experience sharing and capacity building. SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC) is one of the platforms for execution.
With this background the training of Application of Space Technology in Monitoring and managing risk was organized by SAARC Disaster Management Centre (IU) for the SAARC Nations.