|Duration||08/03/2018 to 10/03/2018|
|Organizer||SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC- IU), Gujarat|
|Venue||Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management Campus, Behind PDPU, Village-Raysan, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India, Phone No: 0091 79 23275804|
|Language Of Event||English|
|Target Audience||About 25 participants from the SAARC Member States working with disaster management agencies and relevant departments are expected to participate in the training.|
Heat waves are amongst the most dangerous natural hazards that often receive less attention compared to other hazards. Climate Change and associated increasing temperature poses a range of threats to human health causing rise in mortality and morbidity. Heat or hot weather that lasts for several days, often referred to as a “heatwave”. It is also considered as sudden rise in increase in expected temperature by more than 4 -5 degrees. Although there is no universally acceptable definition of heatwaves they are understood to be periods of unusually hot and dry or hot and humid weather that have a subtle onset and cessation, a duration of at least two to three days and a discernible impact on human activities. During such periods of hot weather, not only the daytime temperatures reach high values but nocturnal temperatures and humidity levels may also rise well beyond their long-term mean. Heatwaves are relative to a geographical location’s climate; the same meteorological conditions can constitute a heatwave in one place but not another. Therefore there is need to develop area specific thresholds and accordingly preparedness measures are to be taken.
The India Metrological Department have highlighted that the 2018 Pre-monsoon Season (March to May) is expected to be warmer than normal temperatures in all meteorological sub-divisions of the country. Seasonal (March- May) average temperatures over many of the subdivisions from northwest and neighbouring central India are likely to be above normal by more than 1.0-degree C. Normal to above normal heat wave (HW) conditions are likely over core heat wave zone of the country. This phenomenon may also be felt in the SAARC Member States.
It is well acknowledged fact that with advance planning, preparedness, and active participation of all stakeholders, heat related casualties as well as illnesses could be brought down as was evident from the reduced number of casualties in 2016 and 2017 in few countries of SAARC region. However, the approach to have zero tolerance to heat wave deaths and associated preparedness such as appropriate revision of plans, targeted awareness campaigns, and effective preventive steps needs to be put in place.
With the aim to reduce the adverse impact of the imminent heat wave across different parts and countries of the Region, SAARC Disaster Management Centre (IU) in collaboration with the Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar is conducting a three-day regional workshop on Heat Wave Preparedness and Response in SDMC (IU), Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management Campus. The workshop also aims to deliberate upon critical aspects of Early Warning and Forecasting of Heat Wave focussing on the importance of area-specific short-range forecasting, extended forecasting along with operational issues of cooperation, coordination and dissemination of early warning.
Many countries in SAARC region have developed guidelines and action plans towards management of Heat Wave. The program aims to discuss various aspects like Urban Heat Island, Heat Health- Threshold, and sharing of knowledge and understanding of respective Heat Action Plans. The experiences and best practices are expected to help Member States to prepare/ upgrade respective Heat Wave Action Plans and to enable them to mitigate the impacts of heat waves by planning for necessary preparedness and timely interventions.
The purpose of the training programme is to provide a platform for sharing of knowledge from various SAARC Member States and facilitate exchange of experiences amongst the professionals from the Member States and other Experts for reducing impacts due to Heat Waves in the region. This will also help the region to have a comprehensive Heat Action Plans at various levels.