Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan is a small landlocked country in South Asia. It is bordered by two great Asian civilizations, Tibet (China) to the north and the Indian States of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim & West Bengal in the East, West, & South. With an area of 38,364 sq km it has population of 708,500. Thimphu city, located in the river valley is the capital city of Bhutan. The literacy rate of Bhutan is 59.5 percent. According to the latest data from the World Bank, Bhutan has a life expectancy of 66 for males and 70 for females. Bhutan is promoting the philosophy of "Gross National Happiness" (GNH), which strives to achieve a balance between the spiritual and the material.
Geographically, it consists mostly of steep and high mountains crisscrossed by a network of swift rivers, which form deep valleys before draining into the Indian plains. The land rises from 200 in the southern foothills to 7000 meters high northern mountains. Within this latitudinal range are found a diverse biodiversity rich enough to be considered as one of ten global environmental ‘hotspots’. About 72.5 per cent of the area is under forests, and the law requires the country to maintain 60 per cent forests cover for all times to come. The climate varies hot subtropical climate in south to cold alpine slopes in the north. Human settlement is confined mostly to interior river valleys and a swath of southern plains; nomads and other tribes live in the north, raising sheeps, cattle and yaks. Agriculture is the backbone of the economy which contributes about 33% of the GDP and about 70% of the population depends on it for livelihood.
Earthquake, flood, flash flood, glacial lake outburst flood, landslides, forest fire